Cocaine Addiction Treatment Center
Cocaine was once the main ingredient in a popular soft drink. Such historical luminaries have lauded it as Sigmund Freud. However, this drug of choice for the social set has a long and sometimes bloody history. Learn more about our cocaine addiction treatment program in Jacksonville, FL today to help save a life. If you think you or someone you love has a cocaine addiction, contact the cocaine addiction treatment center in Jacksonville, FL, at Stepping Stone Recovery.
What is Cocaine?
Cocaine, which goes by the street names Blow, Coke, or Powder, is a white crystalline powder extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. This plant is where the soft drink Coca-Cola got its name and former active ingredient. It thrives in the steamy environment of South American rain forests, and it may be the number one cash crop and illegal export of that region. For thousands of years, natives chewed the leaves for their analgesic properties. For this reason, doctors sometimes use cocaine to numb pain from injuries and during surgery.
This drug is a Class II central nervous system stimulant that elicits euphoria and a sense of invincibility in users. The heightened, pleasurable feelings obtained when someone first uses coke often lead to a cycle of use and abuse that devastates lives and often leads to financial ruin. Some estimate that up to 1,800 Americans try cocaine for the first time every day.
Users usually snort coke, but they can also smoke it or dissolve it in water and injected it. The drug hits within a minute or so of entering the bloodstream. However, the effects are short-lived. They last only about 30 minutes; mild withdrawal symptoms lead to cravings almost as soon as the initial effects wear off. These cravings are why even social uses usually lead to binges that can last all night. Cocaine addiction sets in very quickly, sometimes within a week of frequent abuse. Alternative forms of the drug, like crack cocaine, are even more addictive and deadly.
Cocaine Addiction Statistics
Use is lower than when the drug was at its peak in the 70s and 80s. However, cocaine addiction statistics demonstrate that the drug is still a significant force in US addiction rates and drug-related deaths. According to research conducted by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), nearly one million Americans fit the criteria detailed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for addiction, dependence, or abuse.
A different study by the same agency discovered that 35 million individuals age 12 and older used cocaine within a year of the study, and almost nine million have used crack. The death rates from cocaine use peaked in 2006 at just over 7,000. They’ve dropped slightly since that study, but remain at over 5,000 per year. Cocaine users must enroll in a cocaine addiction treatment program in Jacksonville, FL, before it is too late.
Why Is Cocaine Addictive?
The active ingredient in cocaine, benzoylmethylecgonine, causes the brain to flood with excessive amounts of dopamine. The dopamine causes intense feelings of euphoria and happiness. Those who use the drug, even occasionally, appear super confident and energetic. Repeated use disrupts regular dopamine production, leading to brain dysfunction when use stops. The addiction is mainly psychological, as abusers crave the feelings gained from using the drug.
How people use cocaine and what additives are mixed in contribute to cocaine addiction rates and the deadliness of the drug. Two of the most deadly factors involved with cocaine abuse are the effects and strain on the heart and the danger when it’s cut or used with other drugs. One of the deadliest combinations is called a speedball, which is when cocaine is mixed with heroin and injected. Because the effects of the cocaine wear off sooner and elicit cravings, users will often take more before the level of heroin is reduced, leading to overdose. Because opiates are relatively cheap, people sometimes use them to cut cocaine to increase volume – and profits – with the same result.
A Tale of Two Addictions
Due to the expense and difficulty obtaining high-quality coke, people often associate the powder form of the drug with wealth. People create crack with the excess of powder cocaine that’s left after processing it for higher purity. Crack cocaine is a cheap, easy-to-obtain high that has devastated underprivileged communities around the country. For comparison, you can buy a gram of powder for about $60 – $100, depending on the purity. A crack rock sells for $10 – $20. It may contain any number of other substances, including soap, baking soda, or salt. People usually smoke it through narrow glass tubes or in pipes.
The drug first hit the streets in the 80s, leading to an explosion in crack cocaine addiction and mostly gang-related street violence. This explosion was partially due to the intense but short-lived high that caused cravings for more within 15 minutes of taking a hit. Since the drug was cheap and easy to make, it flooded the streets and led to a national epidemic before making its way around the world.
Although such high proportions of use have dropped since the initial crack craze, it still accounts for a large percentage of overall cocaine use, especially among young people. A 2006 survey conducted by Monitoring the Future showed that 8.6 million Americans over the age of 12 had used crack cocaine. The drug accounted for 71 percent of all admissions for cocaine abuse treatment that year. Since that survey, levels remain relatively stable, but they’ve tapered slightly over the past two years. If you are struggling with a cocaine addiction, our cocaine addiction treatment program in Jacksonville, FL can help.
Is There Help for Cocaine Addiction?
Yes. As long as an individual is alive, rehabilitation at a cocaine addiction treatment center is possible. Because cocaine addiction affects brain functioning, suddenly quitting without medical intervention and assistance is difficult. It can even be life-threatening. Doctors recommend treatment at a medically supervised detox in a residential facility.
Staff at such treatment centers are trained professionals who have experienced in helping people addicted to cocaine and other substances recover in a safe, secure environment. Such treatment is mandated under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) stipulation. This stipulation states that insurers must provide mental health services, and there is a range of therapeutic environments you can choose.
At our cocaine addiction treatment center in Jacksonville, FL, we will do our best to get you back to a healthy, happy life. In addition to cocaine, we also treat:
Don’t wait until it’s too late. Contact our cocaine addiction treatment center in Jacksonville, FL, at Stepping Stone Recovery today.